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Enable a better understanding of migration flows and its root causes from Ethiopia towards Europe.
This desk review report is part of the outputs of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Somalia towards Europe, a collaborative effort by DTM support team and relevant IOM field missions funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
A total of 57 sites were assessed. 164,000 UMNs were identified in 2 upazilas of Cox’s Bazar district. An additional 4 sites, with a population of 635 according to NPM Round 2 (April 2017) were not assessed in this round due to limited access. Among those assessed, 52% are women and girls. 87,000 arrived since Oct 2016, with an increase in both makeshift settlements and host communities, due to newly arrived UMNs across the border from Myanmar in the month of July.
In recent months, the Bubanza province has been hit by a drought that has destroyed several fields, causing a severe food insecurity. The Gihanga commune and part of the Mpanda commune have been most affected throughout the province.
The escalation of Boko Haram violence in 2014 resulted in mass displacement in northeastern Nigeria. To better understand the scope of displacement and assess the needs of elected populations in Northeastern Nigeria, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implemented its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program in September 2014 in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and the State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs). IOM’s DTM is used in countries around the world to track displacement caused by natural disasters and conflict.
Since the beginning of 2016, over 250,000 undocumented Afghans have returned from Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.
Undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Pakistan through Torkham border (Nangarhar province) and Spin Boldak border (Kandahar province), according to the Border Monitoring Team of the Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation (DoRR).