This situation report provides an update on the return of undocumented Afghans from Iran and Pakistan between 4 and 10 March 2018. 90% of individuals returning from Pakistan through Turkham (Nangarhar) and Spin Boldak (Kandahar) borders and 4% of those returning from Iran through Milak (Nimroz) and Islam Qala (Herat) borders were assisted by IOM at transit centers near those border crossing points. A total of 623 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Pakistan, while a total of 14,644 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran.
47,706 internally displaced persons (10,927 households) have been registered and identified through the DTM implemented in all regions of Mali. In addition, 17,698 new IDPs have been observed in the Menaka, Gao and Tombouctou regions between October 2017 and January 2018. 10,571 IDPs returned to their places of origin and 77% of IDPs wished to return in to the places of origin while 21% wished to stay.
The report is in FRENCH.
Between 15 to 27 of January 2018, 25 open collective centers were assessed during DTM Round 4 in Dominica. These centers shelter 352 internally displaced persons (IDPs) (114 households). 56% of the IDPs residing in collective centers have at least one vulnerability and the vast majority (96%) of the residents in the centers reported that their houses were damaged or destroyed. 16% of the collective centers do not have access to hygienic latrines and 48% of the residents mention a lack of privacy in the assessed sites.
In the first round of this DTM exercise, 137,136 displaced individuals (35,725 Households) are identified in 147 locations (109 sites and 32 host communities). Of these households, a vast majority (97%) have children. Most (92%) of identified displaced individuals live in a shelter made of straw or metal sheet.
This second DTM report for Chad provides an overview of the situation around the Chad Lake. The information has been collected between 15 November 2017 and 16 January 2018. Overall, DTM has observed a total of 137,136 displaced individuals: 121,325 internally displaced persons (IDPs), 15,131 returnees and 680 third-country nationals. 142 displacement sites have been evaluated, including 109 camps and 33 host communities. 100% of the displaced population stated that their reason of displacement was the armed conflict that is currently taking place in the region.
(This report is only available in FRENCH)
A total of 6,310 arrivals, 781 departures and 33 transit movement were recorded at locations in Askira/Uba, Bama, Chibok, Demsa, Dikwa, Fufore, Girei, Gombi, Gubio, Guzamala, Gwoza, Hawul, Hong, Jere, Kaga, Kala/Balge, Konduga, Kukawa, Madagali, Mafa, Magumeri, Maiduguri, Maiha, Michika, Mobbar, Monguno, Mubi-North, Mubi-South, Ngala, Nganzai, Numan, Yola-North and Yola-South LGAs in Borno and Adamawa States.
The main triggers of movements were poor living conditions (37%), voluntary relocation (24%), military operations (16%), ongoing conflict (11%), improved security (8%) and fear of attack (4%). 69% of the observed population were IDPs an 31% were returnees.
The data presented show the changing trends between 2016 and 2017. Many more migrants were observed passing through the towns of Séguédine and Arlit in 2016 than in 2017. This is explained by more controls on migratory movements in Niger since October 2016 by the Government of Niger. Following this, the movements of migrants taking roads to avoid checkpoints in order to make it to Algeria or Libya. While observed outgoing flows decreased significantly between 2016 and 2017, incoming flows remained similar. In addition, for 2017, incoming flows exceed observed outflows. This is partly due to the aforementioned trend of migrants taking alternate roads, making these flows difficult to quantify.
As of February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. Flow monitoring points (FMPs) are active in Séguédine and Arlit. The data collected provides a snapshot of migrant movements through the region. Restrictive measures taken by the government of Niger to crack down on irregular migration, the situation in Libya, and the repatriation of Nigerien nationals residing in Algeria, have led to a shift in the routes used by migrants. Most of the migrants observed were male (95%) and approximately 371 minors have been observed at the FMPs. Among them are 111 unaccompanied migrants.
A total of 1,881 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Pakistan between 01-31 January 2018. In the same time period, 47,266 undocumented Afghans returned or were deported from Iran. IOM provided post-arrival humanitarian assistance to 3,676 undocumented Afghans (1,665 from Pakistan and 2,011 from Iran); among them 341 Unaccompanied Migrant Children (336 from Iran, 5 from Pakistan), 346 Special Cases (314 from Iran, 32 from Pakistan), 9 Single Females (9 from Iran, 0 from Pakistan), and 305 Medical Cases (305 from Iran, 0 from Pakistan).