IOM Bangladesh rolled out the first round of Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) in Cox’s Bazaar from 21 – 28 March 2017. The assessment collected
The National Strategy on Myanmar Refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMN) formulated by the Government of Bangladesh highlights that about 300,000 – 500,000 Rohingyas have crossed the border in the past and are living in Bangladesh. Following an outbreak of violence on 9 October 2016 in the Rakhine State of Myanmar, an estimated 74,000 UMN have fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine State until the influx become stable around 23 February 2017. The majority of UMN are living in the Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar District, a bordering district of Myanmar identified as the main entry area for border crossing.
Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of populations on the move, whether on site or en route. Similar tools and methodologies have been successfully implemented over 60 countries. The NPM baseline form, the first level NPM data collection tool collects the basic information of the site rapidly and provides a baseline for continuous site monitoring through the NPM site assessment, a second level detailed data collection tool.
NPM is rolled out in March 2017. The assessments conducted in 3 makeshift settlements and 40 host community locations estimate 132,138 Individuals or 23,844 households are living the assessed locations. The makeshift settlements host over 100,000 UMN in these 2 Upazila. The NPM estimates that 63,705 new arrivals are living in the assessed locations and 48% of them are sheltered in the 3 makeshift settlements.