IOM Return of Undocumented Afghans Weekly Situation Report (16 – 22 April 2017)

DTM recorded the return of 6,551 undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and 16,323 undocumented Afghans from Iran. IOM and partners assisted 89% of returnees from Pakistan and 2% of returnees from Iran.

NPM Bangladesh Round 1 Report March 2017

IOM Bangladesh rolled out the first round of Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) in Cox’s Bazaar from 21 – 28 March 2017. The assessment collected baseline information on Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMN) including their location, population numbers, movement trends and a preliminary overview of needs. The assessment was conducted in 3 makeshift settlements and 41 host community locations, and estimates that 132,138 UMNs are living in assessed locations in Teknaf and Ukhiya Upazila. An estimated 63,705 individuals are new arrivals.

IOM Return of Undocumented Afghans Weekly Situation Report (9 – 15 April 2017)

A total of 8,428 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Pakistan through Torkham (Nangarhar province) and Spin Boldak (Kandahar province) border crossings from 9-15 April, according to the Border Monitoring Team of the Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation (DoRR). Of the total returnees, 8,322 were spontaneous returnees in family groups and 106 were deported individuals. This is a 27% increase from the previous week, and brings the total number of undocumented Afghan returnees from Pakistan since 1 January 2017 to 33,026.

IOM Return of Undocumented Afghans Weekly Situation Report (2 – 8 April 2017)

From 2 – 8 April 2017 6,628 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan and 9,315 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran. 75% of returnees from Pakistan were assisted and 2% of returnees from Iran were assisted.

DTM Afghanistan Round 1 Report March 2017

The DTM Baseline Mobility Assessment was conducted from 29 January to 16 March 2017 in 3 provinces: Nangarhar, Kunar and Laghman, covering a total of 42 districts and 1,368 settlements with existing target populations. As of 16 March 2017, there are 246,317 IDPs and 183,425 returnees, who were formerly displaced, in the three provinces. 281,527 individuals left the three provinces either across a district or provincial boundary (fled IDPs) and 65,771 individuals left Afghanistan (out migrants).

The total number of Returnees from abroad is 544,364 which in relation to the total base population of the three provinces (2,456,500) indicates that 1 person in 5 is a returnee. Migrants that left Afghanistan for another country, however, only amount to 65,771 (3% of the base population). These displacements occurred between 2012 and March 2017.

Nangarhar, which borders Pakistan, is the province most affected by displacement. The majority of returnees are from Pakistan and most enter through Torkham (in Nangarhar), the busiest border post between the two countries. Concurrently, the presence and activities of Taliban insurgents and ISIS fighters challenging the control of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANFS) regularly triggers displacement.

Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 26 March – 1 April 2017

IOM is responding to a substantial increase in the return of undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran. Since 1 January 2016, over 775,000 undocumented Afghans have returned due to diverse push factors, including deteriorating protection space in Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.
While returns have declined in line with seasonal trends during winter, previous surges in returns have been unpredictable and an estimated 1 million undocumented Afghans still remain in Pakistan. IOM is prepared to respond to increased needs and is appealing for additional funding to continue its emergency response programming.

Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan 26 March – 1 April 2017

IOM Pakistan’s Situation Report on the Return of Undocumented Afghans through the Torkham border, reporting period [26 March – 1 April 2017].

• During the week of 26th March– 1st April 2017, a total of 2978 (485 families) undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan through the Torkham border.
• Movement trends for the reporting period indicate:
o Of the total, 60% individuals returned from district Peshawar and 8% returned from Khyber Agency in FATA.
o Approximately 71% individuals intended to return to Nangarhar, 18% to Kabul in Afghanistan.
• During this reporting period, there is a 16% increase in the proportion of respondents citing “Economic Factors” as a push factor. At the same time, there is a
7% increase in respondents stating availability of “Assistance is Afghanistan” as a pull factor.
• With the start of refugee returns as of 3rd April and given that most families comprise of documented as well as undocumented individuals; there is a sharp increase
in the number of undocumented individuals returning compared to the previous reporting period (approximately over a 300 % increase from previous week).
• Trends also indicate a 14% decrease in the proportion of respondents citing “Afraid of being deported” as a push factor – this can be attributed to the Government of
Pakistan’s decision to document the previously unregistered Afghans. In this regard, the Government of Pakistan is in the process of starting rounds of consultation
through the newly established Returns Task Force at the national and sub national levels.

Flow Monitoring of Undocumented Afghan Returnees from Pakistan 19th -25th March

IOM Pakistan’s Situation Report on the Return of Undocumented Afghans through the Torkham border, reporting period [19 -25 March 2017].

• During the week of 19th – 25th March 2017, a total of 869 (143 families) undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan through the Torkham border.
• Movement trends for the reporting period indicate:
o Of the total, 62% individuals returned from district Peshawar and 10% returned from Rawalpindi in Punjab.
o Approximately 62% individuals intended to return to Nangarhar, 28% to Kabul in Afghanistan.
• Anecdotal evidence suggests that many families were unable return as the vehicle drivers without documentation (valid passport/visa) were not allowed to cross the border. Subsequently, return trend is expected to remain low over the next couple of weeks.

Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 19 – 25 March 2017

IOM is responding to a substantial increase in the return of undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran. Since 1 January 2016, over 762,000 undocumented Afghans have returned due to diverse push factors, including deteriorating protection space in Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.
While returns have declined in line with seasonal trends during winter, previous surges in returns have been unpredictable and an estimated 1 million undocumented Afghans still remain in Pakistan. IOM is prepared to respond to increased needs and is appealing for additional funding to continue its emergency response programming.

Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 12 – 18 March 2017

IOM is responding to a substantial increase in the return of undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran. Since 1 January 2016, over 759,000 undocumented Afghans have returned due to diverse push factors, including deteriorating protection space in Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.

While returns have declined in line with seasonal trends during winter, previous surges in returns have been unpredictable and an estimated 1 million undocumented Afghans still remain in Pakistan. IOM is prepared to respond to increased needs and is appealing for additional funding to continue its emergency response programming.