Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 12 – 18 March 2017

IOM is responding to a substantial increase in the return of undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran. Since 1 January 2016, over 759,000 undocumented Afghans have returned due to diverse push factors, including deteriorating protection space in Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.

While returns have declined in line with seasonal trends during winter, previous surges in returns have been unpredictable and an estimated 1 million undocumented Afghans still remain in Pakistan. IOM is prepared to respond to increased needs and is appealing for additional funding to continue its emergency response programming.

Return of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran – 2016 Overview

Decades of conflict and the search for better economic opportunities have pushed millions of Afghans into neighboring Pakistan and Iran. While an estimated 2.5 million Afghans are registered refugees, a possibly equal number of Afghans live in Pakistan and Iran without legal refugee status. These undocumented Afghans face numerous protection challenges both in their host country and upon their return to Afghanistan either voluntarily (“spontaneous return”) or through deportation.

From 1 January to 31 December 2016, a total of 691,581 undocumented Afghans returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan (248,054) and Iran (443,527). This is a 4% overall increase from 2015, when a total of 663,295 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan and Iran. Compared with 2015, spontaneous returns increased by 14% (474,234 vs.416,457) and deportations decreased by 12% (217,347 vs. 246,838).

Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 5 – 11 March 2017

Undocumented Afghans were deported from Pakistan through Torkham border (Nangarhar province) and Spin Boldak border (Kandahar province), according to the Border Monitoring Team of the Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation (DoRR).

Socio-Economic Survey of Undocumented Returnees

Since the beginning of 2016, over 250,000 undocumented Afghans have returned from Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and will need support from the government and humanitarian actors both on arrival and as they seek to reintegrate into a country already struggling with widespread conflict and displacement.

Return of Undocumented Afghans – Weekly Situation Report 5 – 11 February 2017

Undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Pakistan through Torkham border (Nangarhar province) and Spin Boldak border (Kandahar province), according to the Border Monitoring Team of the Directorate of Refugees and Repatriation (DoRR).

DTM – Calais Jungle – Afghans in Transit – November 2016

A snap-shot report on Afghan migrants in the Calais “Jungle” per-dismantelment on 24 October 2016. Calais was chosen as a field location under this project because of its strategic as well as geographical importance, especially for Afghan migrants in Europe that aim to reach the UK. The ‘Calais Jungle’ has a long standing history of being a transit point for migrants aiming to make their way into the UK. Under this current project, a total of 136 Afghans were interviewed between the period of October 10, 2016 and October 23, 2016. The activity was disrupted due to the dismantling of the Calais Jungle on October 24, 2016.