L’OIM travaille en collaboration avec le Gouvernement afin de mieux comprendre les dynamiques migratoires à Djibouti et appréhender le profil des migrants qui transitent dans le pays. Le suivi des flux de population est une activité qui consiste à collecter des données dans les localités où transitent les migrants. Cette activité a débuté en Mai 2017 dans 6 localités (Loyada, Guelilé, Galafi, Tadjourah-ville, Orobor et Obock-ville) situées dans les régions d’Arta, Ali-Sabieh, Dikhil, Tadjourah et Obock.
DTM identified 59 individual entries and 1,182 exits at Flow Monitoring Points in Elwak, Doolow and Belet Xaawo in June 2017. The entries represent a 43% decrease between May and June while the exits only moderately increased by 3%.
Galgadud region remains at the epicenter of continued insecurity. The withdrawal of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and local troops from locations in El Bur and subsequent take-over by insurgents has sparked new waves of insecurity and displacement. In spite of these waves of insecurity, in Dhuusamarreeb and Cadado, among the 32 IDP sites covered by DTM, severe drought conditions and are considered as the primary factor leading to displacement, especially in recently established sites. DTM’s Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) recorded the presence of 15,319 IDPs in Dhuusamareeb and 12,369 IDPs in Cadaado. Furthermore, the ETT registered 26 IDP sites in Dhuusamarreeb and six in Cadaado between 3 and 10 June 2017.
In Gaalckacyo, Mudug region, severe drought conditions have become the primary reason for migration into urban and peri-urban areas. Localised clan-related insecurity continues in Gaalckacyo, however, FSNAU reports indicate that alongside severe drought conditions, there has been a decrease in major inter-clan incidents (FSNAU, 29 May 2017). While IDP communities considered drought, insecurity, and evictions as contributing factors to displacement, 70% of the IDP communities assessed considered drought as the primary facto leading to their displacement. Over half of all IDP sites are under six months old, and 95% of sites are planned IDP sites. The Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) recorded 204,000 IDPs (rounded estimates) 115 IDP sites between 3 and 10 June 2017.
DTM identified a 64% decrease in entry flows and a 32% increase in exits across FMPs in Elwak, Doolow, Belet and Xaawo from April to May.
Over the past six months, severe drought conditions have contributed to the displacement of more than a half a million people across the country. Baidoa town (Baidoa district, Bay region), currently hosts one of the highest caseloads of drought displaced people in the country. DTM recorded 142,475 IDPs in Baldoa town and 247 sites as of 17 May 2017. 47% of IDP settlements are spontaneous sites, 21% live with host communities and 32% stay in planned camps. 82% of IDPs originate from Bay. The most populated IDP site is Kerow Mirqa IDP. The report includes a map displaying settlement locations, age and population.
DTM Burundi identified 209,202 IDPS comprising 44,579 households. 8,745 IDPs were living in camps and displacement sites, 137,798 IDPs were living with host families and 62,659 IDPs were living in rented housing. 138,626 IDPs were displaced as a result of natural disasters and 69,734 IDPs were displaced as a result of socio political issues.
During the reporting period, DTM Somalia recorded 75,366 displaced persons as displayed on the map.
Between January and March 2017 DTM identified 12,235 IDPs across 11 provinces in Burundi. 56% of the displaced population was found to be living with host families.
In recent months, the Bubanza province has been hit by a drought that has destroyed several fields, causing a severe food insecurity. The Gihanga commune and part of the Mpanda commune have been most affected throughout the province.