DTM identified 59 individual entries and 1,182 exits at Flow Monitoring Points in Elwak, Doolow and Belet Xaawo in June 2017. The entries represent a 43% decrease between May and June while the exits only moderately increased by 3%.
Galgadud region remains at the epicenter of continued insecurity. The withdrawal of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and local troops from locations in El Bur and subsequent take-over by insurgents has sparked new waves of insecurity and displacement. In spite of these waves of insecurity, in Dhuusamarreeb and Cadado, among the 32 IDP sites covered by DTM, severe drought conditions and are considered as the primary factor leading to displacement, especially in recently established sites. DTM’s Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) recorded the presence of 15,319 IDPs in Dhuusamareeb and 12,369 IDPs in Cadaado. Furthermore, the ETT registered 26 IDP sites in Dhuusamarreeb and six in Cadaado between 3 and 10 June 2017.
In Gaalckacyo, Mudug region, severe drought conditions have become the primary reason for migration into urban and peri-urban areas. Localised clan-related insecurity continues in Gaalckacyo, however, FSNAU reports indicate that alongside severe drought conditions, there has been a decrease in major inter-clan incidents (FSNAU, 29 May 2017). While IDP communities considered drought, insecurity, and evictions as contributing factors to displacement, 70% of the IDP communities assessed considered drought as the primary facto leading to their displacement. Over half of all IDP sites are under six months old, and 95% of sites are planned IDP sites. The Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) recorded 204,000 IDPs (rounded estimates) 115 IDP sites between 3 and 10 June 2017.
DTM identified a 64% decrease in entry flows and a 32% increase in exits across FMPs in Elwak, Doolow, Belet and Xaawo from April to May.
Over the past six months, severe drought conditions have contributed to the displacement of more than a half a million people across the country. Baidoa town (Baidoa district, Bay region), currently hosts one of the highest caseloads of drought displaced people in the country. DTM recorded 142,475 IDPs in Baldoa town and 247 sites as of 17 May 2017. 47% of IDP settlements are spontaneous sites, 21% live with host communities and 32% stay in planned camps. 82% of IDPs originate from Bay. The most populated IDP site is Kerow Mirqa IDP. The report includes a map displaying settlement locations, age and population.
During the reporting period, DTM Somalia recorded 75,366 displaced persons as displayed on the map.
Drought conditions prevail in South Central as well as in other parts of Somalia. Food and water shortages are reported in drought aected regions increasing risk of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) and cholera. Pastoral communities are on the move in search of water and pasture. Mogadishu, Awdal have recieved more than 8,000 individuals each, from drought affected areas.
Round III of DTM captured information on variables about the population of concern, disaggregated at the settlement level. As the DTM progresses over time, staff learn how to improve consistency in data collection and sources to rely on.
The second round of data collection for the DTM pilot project in Somalia was carried between 13th June and 27th June 2016 in five regions (Awdal, Hiraan, Middle Shabelle, Lower Juba and Gedo) in seven districts (Afmadow, Borama, Kismayo, Doolow, Balcad, Belet Weyne and Jowhar). Out of 181 settlements identified in round 1, round 2 captured data from 119 settlements covering a total of 149,819. The reasons for fewer sites being assessed in round 2 were because the sites selected had higher number of IDP per site and would therefore be more representative in identifying sectoral needs. However, the data and analysis presented is a representative sample, being 66% of those assessed in round 1) of the total number. Collective sites were defined as any site comprising a minimum of five IDP households that were identified in round 1.
The data was collected between 1 st and 31st of August 2016 where a total of 631 returnees (or 105 households) were captured. 48.7 percent (307) are male while 51.3 percent (324) are female. The returnees used three border towns to enter Somalia. They include Belethawa and Elwak from the Kenyan side and Dollow from the Ethiopian side.
134 people (21.2 percent of the total moving population) moved from Kenya into Somalia through Belethawa and Elwak towns. The 15 households (77 people) that entered Somalia through Belethawa were travelled by trucks and buses onwards to Luuq town. 11 of these families relied on financial assistance from members of their households to cater for transport into Somalia.
The 57 returnees (10 households) who used Elwak town did not proceed further into Somalia.
497 people (78.8 percent of the total moving population) moved from Ethiopia into Somalia though Dollow town. Save for 4 returnees who stayed in Dollow, the rest (493) moved to other towns and villages in Gedo and Bay regions of Somalia. Dinsor and Ufurow towns received the highest number of returnees at 102 and 78 respectively. Kurman and Shonqolow villages received the least number of returnees at 4 and 3 respectively. Majority of the households (43) relied on family assistance to finance their journey into Somalia; 25 households used loans or borrowed monies, while 10 other used their savings. At 81 percent (403 people), trucks/buses was the most preferred means of transport.