As of February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. Flow monitoring points (FMPs) are active in Séguédine and Arlit.
IOM began collecting data on IDP movements in and out of the two main IDP sites in Dolow: Kabasa (population: 5,500 HHs) and Qansaxlay (population: 2,900 HHs). In the period between 22 December 2017 and 1 February 2018, A total of 1,150 entries compared to just 18 exits were recorded. The majority of the new arrivals to Kabasa and Qansaxlay cited lack of food as their reason for displacement (73%). Others cited insecurity (13%) and rejoining family (13%). Most of the new arrivals were coming across the border from Ethiopia (72%), with the remainder coming from a scattering of nearby districts: Dolow (7%), Luuq (7%), Belet Xaawo (3%), Baardheere (3%), Diinsoor (3%), and others. 57% of the new arrivals went to Qansaxlay IDP site, while 43% went to Kabasa IDP site. This is noteworthy since the Kabasa site has been closed to new arrivals since October because of lack of space for new plots. Most of the Kabasa new arrivals are joining family members in existing plots. Only 6 households (18 individuals) left the IDP sites in Dolow over the course of 6 weeks. Half left Kabasa and half left Qansaxlay. Likewise, half left due to lack of food, and half left to rejoin family elsewhere. Three of the families were headed to Luuq, while the others were headed for Baidoa, Sakow, and across the border to Ethiopia.
In the week of 16-22 February 2018, there were 526 new arrivals through Baidoa checkpoints and Zero Exits. This is the second week in a row with no exit. The key driving factors for displacements in to Baidoa this week were eviction in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, prolonged drought and increasing insecurity at the villages of origin. The new entries cited eviction from Mogadishu (30%), insecurity (28%), food (21%), water (16%) and lack of access to health (5%) as the key driving factors for displacement into the IDP sites in Baidoa. All arrivals this week came from the district of Hudur (40%), Kahda district, Mogadishu, Banadir region, (34%) or Baidoa district (26%). The new entries said that their intended destinations inside the town were the IDP sites of Nimatu Rabi (33%), Geele (24%), Bakar yarey (23), abal 3 (8%), Hereri kadiyow (7%), and Dolow (5%). There were no exits recorded for the second week in a row, whichs is attributed to the prolonged drought, and increasing insecurity at the villages of origin.
During the week of 19-25 January 2018, there were 2,028 new arrivals at the Baidoa checkpoints, the highest number ever recorded. The upsurge in the numbers of new arrivals this week is due to the ongoing fighting in Abal village, Bakool region and the IDP eviction at the outskirts of the Somali capital, Mogadishu. The new entries cited eviction from Mogadishu (54%), Insecurity (26%), lack of food (16%) and lack of access to health (4%) as the key driving factors for displacement into the IDP sites in Baidoa. 62% of those entering came from the districts of Baidoa, 25% from Hudur, 4% from Qansax Dheere, 3% from Buurhakaba District, 2% from Dolow district, 3% from Afgooye district and 1%)from Dinsoor district. They were heading to the IDP sites of Kormari (74%), Doolow (11%) and ADC 4 (15%) in Baidoa. There were no exits recorded this week, which is attributed to the prolonged drought and increasing insecurity at the villages of origin.
In the week of 12-18 January 2018, there were 645 new arrivals, the most recorded since the first week of November, as well as 26 exits at the Baidoa checkpoints. The upsurge in the numbers of new arrivals this week was due to the recurrent fighting in Abal village, Bakool region. All of the new entries cited either insecurity (58%), lack of access to health (30%) and food (12%) as the key driving factors for displacement into the IDP sites in Baidoa. 58% of those entering came from the districts of Hudur, 25% from Baidoa, 9% from Qansax Dheere and 8% from Dinsor District. They were heading to the IDP sites of Doolow (38%), Gel gel oonley (31%) or Jera Madshek (31%) in Baidoa. All 26 households exiting this week were from Dutse IDP site (100%) and were all leaving due to misunderstanding with the IDP leader. They were all returning to Baidoa District and they do not intend to return back to the IDP sites.
During the week of 5-11 January 2018, there were 256 new arrivals and 52 exits at the Baidoa checkpoints. The key driving factors for displacement into the IDP sites were, insecurity and lack of food, while those leaving cited management of their farms. The new arrivals came from the districts of Baidoa (87%), Wajid District (13%). They said that they intended to move into the IDP sites of Dooy (65%) and Jera Madshek (35%). The new arrivals came from the districts of Baidoa (87%), Wajid District (13%). They said that they intended to move into the IDP sites of Dooy (65%) and Jera Madshek (35%). All 52 households exiting came from Ufurow IDP site. All 52 were heading back to Qansahdhere District. All of the families said they intend to return back to the IDP sites in Baidoa.
During the week of 29 December 2017 – 4 January 2018, there were 374 new arrivals and only 21 exits at the Baidoa checkpoints. This represents the fourth week in a row that the number of exits has remained below 100. The new entries cited either insecurity (83%), lack of food (15%) or health (2%) as their reasons for entry. The new arrivals came from the districts of Baidoa (67%), Rabdhuure (17%), Xudur District (9%), and Ceel Berde (7%). They said that they intended to move into the IDP sites of Abag Haluul (37%), Hagarka Madigeri (22%), Dooy (17%) and Jera Madshek (24%). The 4 households exiting the IDP sites this week said that they were leaving to manage their farms. Three of the households came from Kormari IDP site and the other from Dhalool IDP site. All 4 were heading back to Baidoa District. All of the families said they intend to return back to the IDP sites in Baidoa.
The DTM Burundi dashboard for the month of February 2018 coversall 18 provinces of Burundi. The DTM has identified 173,218 internally displaced persons (IDPs) amidst 38,577 households. 82% of IDPs were women and youth under 18 years old, and 29% of IDPs were children under 5 years old. 88,922 IDPs (51%) were living with host families, 8,009 IDPs (5%) were living in camps and displacement sites, 32,911 DPs (19%) were living in emtpy and straw houses, and 43,3761 IDPs (25%) were living in rented housing. 70% of IDPs (121,629) were displaced as a result of natural disasters and 30% of IDPs (50,780) were displaced as a result of sociopolitical issues.
The DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is deployed to track and provide up-to-date information on sudden displacement and other population movements.
Within the period of 13 to 19 March 2018, a total of 4,865 arrivals and 1,327 departures were recorded at locations in Askira/Uba, Bama, Chibok, Damboa, Demsa, Dikwa, Fufore, Girei, Gombi, Gubio, Guzamala, Gwoza, Hawul, Hong, Jere, Kala/Balge, Konduga, Kukawa, Madagali, Mafa, Magumeri, Maiha, Michika, Mobbar, Monguno, Mubi-North, Mubi-South, Ngala, Nganzai, Numan, Yola-North, and Yola-South LGAs in Borno and Adamawa States. The main triggers of movements were poor living conditions (46%), improved security (27%), voluntary relocation (15%), ongoing conflict (7%), military operations (4%), and fear of attack (1%).
This situation report provides an update on the return of undocumented Afghans from Iran and Pakistan between March 11-17 2018. Last week, 92% of those returning from Pakistan through Turkham (Nangarhar) and Spin Boldak (Kandahar) borders and 5% of those returning from Iran through Milak (Nimroz) and Islam Qala (Herat) borders were assisted by IOM at our Transit Centers near those 4 border crossing points.