IOM conducts flow monitoring at various cross border points, transit areas, PoCs, and IDP Collective sites across South Sudan. Flow monitoring captures the movement dynamics of the displaced population in the country.
During the reporting period a slight decline was recorded in transit movements through Juba Gumbo Park. A significant decrease in entries wa observed in Malakal PoC in comparison to the last two weeks. In Wau POCAA a decrease in entries was also observed, for the first time in one month.
The IOM DTM team conducted an assessment in Terekeka from 8-12 June 2017 in order to assess the displacement dynamics and multi-sectorial needs of the IDPs. It was conducted in coordination with other participating agencies of inter-agency assessment team including the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) for WASH, the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) for Health, IOM for Shelter and the Sudan Peace and Education Development Program (SPEDP) for education. A total of sixteen IDP settlements across 12 islands and 4 villages on the mainland were assessed. The team estimated a total of 17,368 individuals (3,472 households) are displaced in the area. The majority of the IDPs are observed to be women and children.
The objectives of the Village Assessment Survey (VAS) are to provide baseline data for mapping the basic needs and critical gaps in areas of high return and to share the findings with government authorities and partners for better planning, coordination and targeting of transitional and recovery activities. The sources of data used in the VAS are derived from four complementary and integrated questionnaires: Boma Questionnaire, Payam Authorities Questionnaire, Health Technical Questionnaire and Education Technical Questionnaire. A mixed methods approach of key informant interviews, focus group discussions (FGD) and direct observation is utilized to collect and triangulate data throughout the data collection process. The data collection teams conduct assessments in the locations of interest by physically visiting each of the Bomas, villages and health and education facilities.
IOM conducted a biometric registration exercise in Guit town from 12 to 15 May 2017.The exercise was successfully completed with a total of 2,053 individuals or 598 households registered. More than 89% of the total registered individuals are from PoC in which they changed their cards from PoC to Guit town. IOM, UNOCHA, and NPA (Norwegian People Aid) engaged in a brief field visit and community consultation process with local authorities and community leaders before the beginning of registration. Guit town is the next GFD site for WFP and its partner NPA.
DTM recorded a 46% increase in the population at Wau Town as a result of the recent conflict. 82% of the Wau Town IDP population are women and children.
On 27 April, SPLA forces advanced on Kodok. The attack has led to further displacement in the area, pushing a large number of people toward Abruoc. This displacement will add to the numbers that had been arriving following SPLA operations in Panyikang earlier in April. With the attack on Kodok, a large number of people are believed to have attempted to make the journey to the Sudanese border. Currently approximately 7,000 IDPs are believed to be in Megenis, predominantly from the Kodok area. The total population of approximately 27,000 civilians counted to be in the Abruoc area prior to the recent violence in Abruoc is likely to remain stable, with the recent influxes likely to have replaced the numbers that have left to Sudan.
The IOM DTM team in partnership with WFP conducted a biometric registration in Panyijar County, Unity from 13 February – 16 April 2017 to record accurate cross-sectional data that better reflects the reality on the ground in areas of high humanitarian needs. The team has registered 69,389 individuals/15,494 households in total. 8% of the registered population identified with the vulnerabilities.
The most significant incident in Upper Nile occurred following the SPLA advance from Unity into Panyikang County on 12 April. Fighting is believed to have taken place between Wankur and Tonga with significant resistance from SPLA/iO units under the command of Johnson Olony. However, the SPLA were believed to have been building up forces in Unity state for some time for the purpose of carrying out this offensive suggesting they embarked with significant supplies and weaponry making their comparative advantage significant if not overwhelming. By 15 April, the SPLA claimed that they had taken Tonga from the SPLA/iO.
The IOM Displacement Tracking and Monitoring (DTM) team, in collaboration with partners, conducted the biometric registration of internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in Wau POCAA, UNMISS POC 1 and the collective centers (ECS, St. Joseph, SSRC, Lokoloko and Nazareth ) from 8 March to 1 April 2017. A total of 34,967 individuals or 9,937 households were registered.