Background - DTM Djibouti

Djibouti is an important transit country for many migrants because it is a gateway from the Horn of Africa to the Middle East. Migrants, including many Ethiopian and Somali nationals, continue to transit through Djibouti with the intention of crossing the Red Sea and exploring better opportunities in the Gulf States. Djibouti is also a destination and transit country for migrants fleeing the conflict in Yemen. Recent trends indicate that more than 300 migrants transit through Djibouti every day.

In order to better understand the entry and transit flows of migrants in the country, IOM Djibouti will launch the Displacement Tracking Matrix Flow Monitoring exercise in April 2017. In order to do this, IOM will work in close collaboration with the National Police Directorate in the country. 10 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) have already been identified, these are: Galafi, Guelileh, Loyada, PK9, Badaf, Dallay Af, Orobor, Fantaherou, Adogolo and the city of Obock. The identified FMPs include the main entry, transit and exits points in the Djiboutian territory. Data collected through the FMP exercise will allow partners to better respond to the migration challenges that Djibouti is currently facing and will also enable the improved assistance of vulnerable communities according to their specific needs. The data will be analysed jointly with the results of similar exercises which will be carried out within the region as a whole (Yemen, Ethiopia, Somalia, Saudi Arabia and Kenya). This will allow IOM to provide a comprehensive regional analysis of migrant mobility.