Libya

Updates

Libya — Maritime Update Libyan Coast (1—31 March 2018)

IOM’s Maritime Update provides snapshots relating to the number of maritime incidents off the Libyan coast, as well as latest figures on Italy arrivals and recorded deaths along the Central Mediterranean Route. Between 1 and 31 March 2018, 1,058 individuals were rescued or intercepted and 1 body was retrieved. This brings the total number of people intercepted or rescued in 2018 to 3,479, while 359 deaths were recorded along the Central Mediterranean route in 2018.

Libya — Return Intention Survey 1 (March 2018)

In March 2018, the Displacement Tracking Matrix Libya (DTM) conducted a demographic and socio-economic survey of the Tawergha internally displaced person (IDP) population living in IDP settlements across Libya. Primary data was collected at household level between the 14th and the 21st of March 2018, and a total of 511 IDP households were surveyed. All Tawerghans interviewed for this survey are living in IDP settlements across the country. The survey found that 65% of surveyed individuals intend to return within the next three months and that 68% have been displaced at least three times.

Libya — IDP And Returnee Report 18 (February—March 2018)

In February and March 2018 DTM Libya interviewed 1,360 key informants across 100 Baladiyas and 657 Muhallas. A total of 184,612 IDPs were identified. The threat of violence from conflict and the presence of armed groups was the main driver of displacement for 65% of the displaced population. 84% of IDPs live in self-paid accommodations. In addition, a total of 368,583 returnees were identified. The shelter for 94% of returnees is their previous hom

Libya — Sebha Displacement Flash Update (8 March 2018)

(Español) As a result of continued armed clashes in the city of Sebha, 720 households (approximately 3,600 individuals) have been displaced to the Muhallas of Al minshiyah (530 HH), Sakra-Mahdia (140 HH) and Ubari (50 HH). While the vast majority of IDPs (530 HH) are hosted in public buildings in Al Minshiya Muhalla, the remaining 190 HH are being hosted by residents in Sakra, Mahdia and Ubari Muhallas. The main needs of the displaced population are water, NFIs, food items, and cleaning materials, with tents highlighted as the prevalent need for some families in Al Minshiya. Multiple casualties among the civilian population were also reported in the city of Sebha.

Libya — Tawergha Return Weekly Update 3 (3 March 2018)

IDPs continue to wait in order to return to their community of origin as their number increases. Currently, more than 2,200 individuals are reported to

Libya — Displacement Event Tracker (14—27 February 2018)

Published on a bi-weekly basis, the Displacement Event Tracker reports on incidents related to IDPs, returnees and migrants, especially in regards to large population movement

Libya — Tawergha Return Weekly Update 2 (24 February 2018)

Tawerghan IDPs are facing multiple challenges that continue to prevent them from returning to their homes. School holidays have been underway since the 23rd February,

DTM Libya Round 17 IDP & Returnee Report

In January and February 2018 DTM Libya interviewed 1,371 key informants across 100 Baladiyas and 657 Muhallas. A total of 165,478 IDPs were identified. The

Libya — Detention Centre Profile Generator (January 2018)

This is an interactive profile generator that displays profiles of Detention Centres based on data gathered through DTM Libya’s Mobility Tracking assessments. To use the

Libya — Detention Centre Profile Generator (December 2017)

This is an interactive profile generator that displays profiles of Detention Centres based on data gathered through DTM Libya’s Mobility Tracking assessments. To use the

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Background

In the context of the political instability that has prevailed since the uprising in Libya (October 2011) and culminated in the collapse of a fragile central authority accompanied by fragmentation and infighting among myriads of militias, with continued fighting since the mid-2014 escalations, estimates indicate that the number of Internally Displaced Per-sons (IDPs) in Libya has exceeded 400,000 individuals, some eight percent of the total population (HNO, September 2015). While the country struggles to achieve and maintain stability, thousands of migrants are also taking journeys to and through Libya in a desperate bid to seek a better life in Europe. These migrants are exposed to risks of being trafficked and exploited while traveling through dangerous routes in deserts and territories controlled by different armed groups, as well as dying during attempts to cross the Mediterranean Sea.

However, there has been no standardized mechanism in place to verify and regularly update IDP and migrant numbers. Given that most humanitarian and international organizations operate remotely from Tunis since mid-July 2014 due to the deteriorating security situation, maintaining access to reliable and updated data on the humanitarian situation in Libya has been challenging.

For more information on IOM’s activities in Libya, please visit the IOM Libya country office website.

Interactive Story Map